Bringing the past to present times

War of the Roses

War of the Roses, the end of a Plantagenets and the start of the Tudor dynasty. A war between two competing royal Plantagenet families. The House of York, and the House of Lancaster, both staking their claim to the English Throne.

King Henry VI suffered spells of madness, he became dominated by his queen, Margaret of Anjou. Edward, Duke of York became protector of the realm during Henrys periods of insanity. By 1455, Henry VI re-established the authority, resulting in Richard III taking up arms.

The division between the two families became known as The Wars of the Roses. The white rose became used to represent the Yorkists, and red rose for the Lancastrians.

A series of bloody Medieval Battles raged for 30 years splitting England apart. Richard III marched against Henry VI at St. Albans in 1455.

The Yorkists won decisively at the Battle of Tewkesbury in 1471. The Lancastrian heir Edward, Prince of Wales had been killed in the battle. Henry IV had become imprisoned at the Tower of London, Queen Margaret had been sent to London as a prisoner. Several days later Henry VI had been murdered, ending direct Lancastrian line of succession to the throne.

Henry Tudor, a distant relative of the Lancastrian kings claimed his intrest to the English throne. In 1485 at the Battle of Bosworth, after fighting valiantly, Richard III had been killed on the battlefield.

The War of the Roses came to an end, and the Tudor dynasty started. Henry Tudor became crowed King Henry VII of England.

german mercenaries being felled at the battle of stoke field in 1487
Battle of Stoke Field 1487

The Yorkist defeat at Battle of Stoke Field in 1487 was one of the bloodiest battles and last battle of the War of the Roses.

richard III at the battle of bosworth
Battle of Bosworth 1485

Battle of Bosworth a defining battle for the crown of England, the end of the Plantagenets and start of the Tudor dynasty with Henry Tudor.

the battle of tewkesbury 1471
Battle of Tewkesbury 1471

The forces of Lancaster under the Duke of Somerset were defeated at The Battle of Tewkesbury, against the Yorkist King Edward IV

mistaken identity at the battle of barnet 1471
Battle of Barnet 1471

King Edward IV army defeated the Lancastarian army, lead by the defected Earl of Warwick at Battle of Barnet in 1471.

the white rose of the house of york and the red rose of the house of lancaster, combined to make the dual coloured tudor rose.
Battle of Losecoat Field 1470

King Edward IV victory at the Battle of Losecoat Field, Welles army fled the field throwing off their coats to aid their retreat ‘Lose-coat’.

the battle of edgcote moor 1469
Battle of Edgcote Moor 1469

Battle of Edgcote Moor, the Royal army led by Earls of Pembroke and Devon, and a rebel force led by supporters of Earl of Warwick in 1469.

the white rose of the house of york and the red rose of the house of lancaster, combined to make the dual coloured tudor rose.
Battle of Hexham 1464

Battle of Hexham, marked the end of a Lancastrian resistance in the north of England during early part of the reign of Edward IV in 1464.

the white rose of the house of york and the red rose of the house of lancaster, combined to make the dual coloured tudor rose.
Battle of Hedgeley Moor 1464

Battle of Hedgeley Moor, John Neville, Lord Montagu Yorkist army against Henry Beaufort, Duke of Somerset Lancastrian army in 1464.

the battle of towton 1461
Battle of Towton 1461

Battle of Towton was possibly the largest and bloodiest battle ever fought on English soil, ended with a Yorkist victory in 1461.

the battle of ferrybridge 1461
Battle of Ferrybridge 1461

Battle of Ferrybridge was a preliminary engagement between the houses of York and Lancaster before the larger Battle of Towton in 1461.

Next