Bringing the past to present times

Medieval

The Medieval period, also referred to as the Middle Ages. The period started in 1066 with the Norman Conquest of England at the Battle of Hastings. Castles were built which helped impose the Norman rule under King William the Conqueror. The survey of England, better known as the Doomsday Book was completed in 1086.

Britain was involved during the Crusades (1095-1492) over the centuries. In 1190, King Richard I (Richard the Lionheart) was the first English King to participate directly in the Crusades. He fought in the Holy Land of Jerusalem.

The Magna Carta, a Royal charter of rights was agreed to by King John during 1215.

King Edward I invested large amounts of money and time building major castles during the conquest of Wales (1277–1284). He was forced to borrow heavily from foreign bankers, and to ask Parliament for frequent funds.

The Black Death reached Britain in 1348. The bubonic plague pandemic swept across the land killing a third of the British population.

The Hundred Years War, a series of conflicts from 1337 to 1453, the British Plantagenet King and the French House of Valois fought over the right to rule the Kingdom of France. King Edward III armies won battles at Crécy, Poitiers, and Agincourt. English archers using longbows were key during the Middle Ages.

The War of the Roses started in 1455, it was one of the bloodiest conflicts in British History. The war finished with two Kings fighting for the crown, at the Battle of Bosworth in 1485. This was also the end of the Medieval period.

the white rose of the house of york and the red rose of the house of lancaster, combined to make the dual coloured tudor rose.
Battle of Hexham 1464

Battle of Hexham, marked the end of a Lancastrian resistance in the north of England during early part of the reign of Edward IV in 1464.

the white rose of the house of york and the red rose of the house of lancaster, combined to make the dual coloured tudor rose.
Battle of Hedgeley Moor 1464

Battle of Hedgeley Moor, John Neville, Lord Montagu Yorkist army against Henry Beaufort, Duke of Somerset Lancastrian army in 1464.

the battle of towton 1461
Battle of Towton 1461

Battle of Towton was possibly the largest and bloodiest battle ever fought on English soil, ended with a Yorkist victory in 1461.

the battle of ferrybridge 1461
Battle of Ferrybridge 1461

Battle of Ferrybridge was a preliminary engagement between the houses of York and Lancaster before the larger Battle of Towton in 1461.

the second battle of st. albans 1461
Second Battle of St Albans 1461

Second Battle of St Albans, Earl of Warwick blocked the road to London, Lancastrians used an outflanking manoeuvre to take Earl of Warwick.

the battle of mortimers cross 1461
Battle of Mortimer’s Cross 1461

Battle of Mortimer’s Cross fought between Edward, Duke of York, and Lancastrians Sir Owen Tudor, and Earl of Pembroke in 1461.

the battle of wakefield 1460
Battle of Wakefield 1460

Lancastrian victory by Duke of Somerset at the Battle of Wakefield that resulted in the death of Richard, Duke of York in 1460.

Earl of Warwick kneels to King henry vi after the kings capture by the yorkists at the battle of northampton on 10th july 1460
Battle of Northampton 1460

Lancastrians defeated at the Battle of Northampton, resulting in the capture of King Henry VI by the Earl of Warwick Yorkists army.

the white rose of the house of york and the red rose of the house of lancaster, combined to make the dual coloured tudor rose.
Battle of Ludford Bridge 1459

Battle of Ludford Bridge, largely bloodless confrontation with some Yorkists defecting to the Lancastrians accepting the Kings pardon in 1459

the white rose of the house of york and the red rose of the house of lancaster, combined to make the dual coloured tudor rose.
Battle of Blore Heath 1459

Earl of Salisbury’s Yorkist army defeated larger Lancastrian army at Battle of Blore Heath, enabling it to join the Duke of York in 1459.

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