Bringing the past to present times

War of the Roses

War of the Roses, the end of a Plantagenets and the start of the Tudor dynasty. A war between two competing royal Plantagenet families. The House of York, and the House of Lancaster, both staking their claim to the English Throne.

King Henry VI suffered spells of madness, he became dominated by his queen, Margaret of Anjou. Edward, Duke of York became protector of the realm during Henrys periods of insanity. By 1455, Henry VI re-established the authority, resulting in Richard III taking up arms.

The division between the two families became known as The Wars of the Roses. The white rose became used to represent the Yorkists, and red rose for the Lancastrians.

A series of bloody Medieval Battles raged for 30 years splitting England apart. Richard III marched against Henry VI at St. Albans in 1455.

The Yorkists won decisively at the Battle of Tewkesbury in 1471. The Lancastrian heir Edward, Prince of Wales had been killed in the battle. Henry IV had become imprisoned at the Tower of London, Queen Margaret had been sent to London as a prisoner. Several days later Henry VI had been murdered, ending direct Lancastrian line of succession to the throne.

Henry Tudor, a distant relative of the Lancastrian kings claimed his intrest to the English throne. In 1485 at the Battle of Bosworth, after fighting valiantly, Richard III had been killed on the battlefield.

The War of the Roses came to an end, and the Tudor dynasty started. Henry Tudor became crowed King Henry VII of England.

the second battle of st. albans 1461
Second Battle of St Albans 1461

Second Battle of St Albans, Earl of Warwick blocked the road to London, Lancastrians used an outflanking manoeuvre to take Earl of Warwick.

the battle of mortimers cross 1461
Battle of Mortimer’s Cross 1461

Battle of Mortimer’s Cross fought between Edward, Duke of York, and Lancastrians Sir Owen Tudor, and Earl of Pembroke in 1461.

the battle of wakefield 1460
Battle of Wakefield 1460

Lancastrian victory by Duke of Somerset at the Battle of Wakefield that resulted in the death of Richard, Duke of York in 1460.

Earl of Warwick kneels to King henry vi after the kings capture by the yorkists at the battle of northampton on 10th july 1460
Battle of Northampton 1460

Lancastrians defeated at the Battle of Northampton, resulting in the capture of King Henry VI by the Earl of Warwick Yorkists army.

the white rose of the house of york and the red rose of the house of lancaster, combined to make the dual coloured tudor rose.
Battle of Ludford Bridge 1459

Battle of Ludford Bridge, largely bloodless confrontation with some Yorkists defecting to the Lancastrians accepting the Kings pardon in 1459

the white rose of the house of york and the red rose of the house of lancaster, combined to make the dual coloured tudor rose.
Battle of Blore Heath 1459

Earl of Salisbury’s Yorkist army defeated larger Lancastrian army at Battle of Blore Heath, enabling it to join the Duke of York in 1459.

the first battle of st albans 1455
First Battle of St. Albans 1455

Richard, Duke of York won the First battle of the War of the Roses against the Lancastrians at the First Battle of St Albans in 1455.